Ovary: Oral Abstract: Clinico-pathological characterstics of epithelial ovarian malignancy in young female
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
Background and Objective:
Epithelial ovarian cancer mostly appears in aged women, but rarely in young women. Little is known about the clinical characteristics and prognosis of epithelial ovarian cancer in women aged below 40 years. This study was to evaluate the clinical and histopathological characteristics of young patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.
A total of 31 patients with confirmed epithelial ovarian cancer under the age of 40 years between 2007 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.
Mean age of the patient is 32 years. The common symptoms included abdominal pain (21 patient 67%), self detected pelvic mass (9 patient 29%) and 1 patient with bleeding per vaginum. The average maximum diameter of tumour is 10.7 cm. Family history positive in 8 patient (5 ca.breast and 3 ca.ovary). Mean level of CA. 125 is 883.36 u/ml. CA 125 level lowest is of 6 u/ml and highest is of 7557 u/ml. Tumour located bilaterally in 14 patient (45%). Ascitis present in 18 patient (58%). Pleural effusion seen in 6 patient (19%). Twenty six cases underwent optimal cytoreduction out of them 7 taken NACT. Two patient underwent fertility preservation surgery. Three patient underwent palliative chemotherapy due to unwillingness. Eleven patient classified as stage III and stage IV each (35% of each), six patient is of stage I (19%) and three patient of stage II (9.6%). Serous adenocarcinoma (80.6%) and mucinous adenocarcinoma (19%) are the common histopathological findings. Thirteen patient (41.9%) has well differentiated tumour, eight (25.8%) has moderately differentiated and ten (32.25%) has poorely differentiated tumour. Twenty eight patient received platinum and paclitaxel-based chemotherapy before or after operation.
Young women with epithelial ovarian cancer under the age of 40 years mostly have serous adenocarcinoma; well differentiated and tumors are normally bilateral. The ovarian function can be preserved (fertility preservation) in part of stage Ia and Grade I patients.