Miscellaneous: Poster Abstract: Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia: Retrospective analysis of clinical profile, treatment pattern and outcome
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
Gestational trophoblastic disease is a spectrum of cellular proliferation arising from the placental villous trophoblast. Gestational triphoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is a collective term for GTD that invade locally or metastasize. GTD includes hydatidiform mole (complete and partial) and GTN include invasive mole, choricocarcinoma, placental site trophoblastic tumor and epitheliod trophoblastic tumor.
To evaluate clinicopathological profile, treatment pattern and clinical outcome in patients with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN).
Materials and Methods:
Twelve cases of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia treated between 2012 to November 2015 in deptt of Radiotherapy – II, PGIMS, Rohtak were evaluated in this retrospective study. Data was analyzed on the basis of age, histopathology, stage, type of treatment received and treatment related toxicities. Disease free survival was estimated.
Out of 12 women 7 (58 %) had hydatidiform mole, 4 (33%) invasive mole and 01 (8%) had choriocarcinoma. All the cases were given chemotherapy. Two patients had low risk disease. Among high risk group seven patients had score of less than 7 and five patients had risk score of 7 or higher. Five patients were given single agent methotrexate, seven patients received multidrug regimens. All patients are on regular follow up. One patient (high risk group) expired as she did not receive treatment.
GTN are rare and proliferative disorders with proper diagnosis and treatment most of the cases are amenable to treatment with favorable outcome.