Ovary: Poster Abstract: Sclerosing sex cord stromal tumour of the ovary: A rare variant of ovarian neoplasms in childhood and adolescence
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
19 yr old unmarried girl c/o abdominal distension, loss of appetite and Irregular menstrual cycles x 5 months. USG: gross ascites, liver, Lobulated isoechoic mass in right adnexa, 7×5 cm, abutting right ovary. CA125: 1297 U/ml. FNAC Degenerated crushed cells & stromal fragments. Few scattered benign oval/spindle cells. Laparoscopy f/b laparotomy: 6 litres of straw colored asciic fluid drained. Uterus, left adnexa normal. Rt ovarian mass 6×7 cm, bilobed, arising from ovary. Solid, stuck in POD Adherent to gut. Right oophrectomy done. CA-125: 22 u/ml on day 6 post op. HPE – Sclerosing stromal tumor.
Sclerosing sex cord stromal tumour of the ovary is a rare tumor; accounts for 6% of ovarian stromal tumors Over a 100 reported tumors in literature. 80% of SST seen in second and third decade of life. Essentially a benign tumour, Usually a unilateral nonfunctioning tumor. Few cases with elevated serum CA-125 and hormonal abnormalities have been reported. Endocrine alterations caused by secretion of estrogen, progesterone or testosterone; induction of precocious puberty.
Unilateral oophrectomy is the treatment. No recurrence of the tumor in the patients treated by oophorectomy or by conservative resection of the tumor. Excision of the tumor isfollowed by normal menses, pregnancy has also been reported.