Ovary: Oral Abstract: Multiple recurrence of granulosa cell tumor of the ovary: A case report and literature review
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
Granulosa cell tumors comprise approximately 5% of all ovarian malignancy and account for 70% of malignant sex cord stromal tumors. Granulosa cell tumors have been diagnosed from infancy, the peak incidence being perimenopausal age. The potential of malignancy of these tumors is low, recurrences are often late and found in 10-33% of cases.
A 32-year-old P1L1 presented with large abdominal mass for which she underwent staging laparotomy with debulking surgery. She was a known case of granulosa cell tumor in the past and had undergone three laparotomies, along with chemotherapy. At the age of 13 years, she was diagnosed with a stage IA granulosa cell tumor (GCT) of the ovary first time. She underwent surgical staging and removal of left sided adnexal mass, after which she was asymptomatic for 7 years. In 2003 she again presented with lump abdomen for which she underwent resection of adnexal mass, histopathology was consistent with recurrent GCT. After second surgery she also received two cycles of chemotherapy. Despite adjuvant chemotherapy, patient presented again after three years in 2006 with adnexal mass and was found to have a third recurrence. At that time, she received 6 cycles of chemotherapy and the mass regressed. Meanwhile she got married and had one child. After four year in 2010 she again presented with lump abdomen and she underwent surgical staging, total abdominal hysterectomy with right salphingo ophorectomy along with removal of mass. After five year in 2015 she again presented with lump abdomen; there was a large pelvic mass which was removed and patient referred for chemotherapy.
GCTS which a rare malignant tumors of ovary tend to be associated with late recurrences. Although most recurrences occurs within 10 years after initial diagnosis, there are occasional reports of recurrences after10 years. We experienced the rare case of a patient who relapsed multiple times over 20 years, despite surgical and targeted treatment. In conclusion the long history of granulosa cell tumor highlights the importance of extended follow up of the patient.