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Abstracts - RGCON 2016
02 (
Suppl 1
); S101-S101
doi:
10.1055/s-0039-1685301

Ovary: Oral Abstract: Audit on the role and efficacy of PET/CT in recurrent ovarian cancer settings in a tertiary care centre in India

RGCI and RC, New Delhi, India
Licence
This open access article is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
Disclaimer:
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.

Abstract

Ovarian cancers tend to recur in 15-70% cases. CA-125 - is a tumor marker used for monitoring therapeutic response, and in surveillance, for recurrent disease. However, it has a limited role as a persistent high level can signify either recurrence or persistence of residual tumor. Metastases from ovarian cancer primarily involve the peritoneum rather than parenchymal sites; thus, the presence of small-volume recurrence or metastatic deposits on the visceral surfaces poses a challenge for interpretation of CT and MR images. PET/CT utilizes its property of higher accumulation in malignant cells to provide both anatomic and functional information for diagnosing malignant tumors.

Objectives:

The objectives of the study were to find the correlation between PET/CT findings and final histopathological diagnosis after a secondary cytoreductive surgery in suspected ovarian cancer recurrences.

Materials and Methods:

PET/CT was done in cases with rising or above normal CA-125 and no radiological findings. These patients with abnormal PET/CT findings were taken up for a secondary cytoreductive surgery and histopathological proven were taken as the standard against which PET/CT positive findings was compared.

Results:

The mean age in our group of patients with suspected recurrence was 53 years (Range 39-74 years). Of the 52 patients with suspected recurrence, 40 patietnts with a PET-CT scan with findings suggestive of an avid uptake underwent surgery. 22 patients had serous histology, 12 mucinous and 8 had clear cell carcinoma. Stage-wise distribution at the time of primary surgery is as follows stage I-3, stage II-7, stage III-26, stage IV-4. Of the 40 patients who underwent a second look surgery 32 had histopathologically confirmed recurrence. PET-CT detected a total of 86 lesions in the 40 patients who underwent surgery. Of these, 38 were in the lymph nodes 28 in para-aortic and 10 in pelvic, 32 were peritoneal lesions and 14 were pelvic, 2 were metastatic in the parenchyma of liver. Detection of the lesion on PET-CT was size dependant, of the 9 lesions were missed on PET-CT, 7 were less than 0.5 cm. The mean diameter of the lesions detected was 2.2 cm (range 0.3-6.2 cm). PET-CT accurately identified 62 of 70 histopathologically proven lesions. The overall lesion-based sensitivity of PET-CT is 88.6%, specificity 56.2%, Positive predictive value being 72.1%, negative predictive value of 69.2%. Accuracy of detecting lesions greater than 1 cm is 78.6% (44 of 56 lesions).

Conclusions:

Corelation between PET/CT and histopathologicaldisease: k (cohen value) = 0.81 which suggests excellent correlation. For selected patients with ovarian cancer recurrence may benefit from a comprehensive radiographic imaging survey (PET-CT) at the time of even no or minimal CA-125 elevation in early detection and successful cytoreductive surgical resection and an increase in overall survival.


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