Missed Abstracts: Clinical presentation and management of malignant germ cell ovarian tumours in BPKMCH
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
Germ cell malignancies account for about 5% of all ovarian cancers. These tumours grow rapidly and often produce symptoms quicker than the slow growing epithelial tumour. Commonly seen in the first two decades of life germ cell malignancies are highly chemosensitive and are potentially curable with surgery and chemotherapy. This study is the first of its kind regarding the epidemiology, management and outcome of patients with malignant germ cell tumour in Nepal.
To analyze the clinical presentation and management outcomes of malignant germ cell tumours managed in B.P. Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital, Nepal.
Descriptive study conducted in B.P. Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital, Nepal. Case records of malignant germ cell tumours attending the hospital from January 1999 to December 2009 were analyzed regarding their illness history, clinical examination, investigations, treatment, follow-up and outcomes measured.
Total 65 cases of malignant germ cell tumours with age range from 2 to 58 years (mean 21.7 years) were received. 42% cases were Tibeto-Burmese; 30% were Indo-Aryans. There were 15 cases (23%) of dysgeminoma, 21 endodermal sinus tumor (32%), 16 Immature Cystic Teratoma (24.5%), 9 (14%) Mixed Germ Cell, 2 unclassified GCT (3.5%) and 2 malignant transformation in teratoma (3.5%). 33 (49.5%) patients had early stage disease, 37 (57%) underwent fertility preserving surgery. 4 cases (9%) due to disseminated disease, underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by debulking surgery. 51 cases (78.5%) received adjuvant chemotherapy (BEP or EP regimen). The overall survival was 70%.
Early stage germ cell malignancies can be safely managed by fertility preserving surgery followed by, chemotherapy if indicated. For advanced diseases, neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery can be undertaken with curable intent.