Miscellaneous: Poster Abstract: Unusual clinical presentation of chriocarcinoma in young patients – Neulological meatastasis
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
Choriocarcinoma is a malignant trophoblastic tumor, usually of placenta and characterized by ‘early hematogenous spread’ to lungs. Choriocarcinoma of placenta is preceded by – H. Mole (50%), spontaneous abortion (20%), ectopic pregnancy (2%) and normal term pregnancy (20%-30%). It is chemosensitive tumor and even in metastatic lesion cure rate is 90%-95%. Most common site of metastasis is lung and vagina, vulva, kidney, liver, ovaries, brain and intestine. If tumor is not diagnosed and managed timely, because of its vascularity, it bleeds profusely leading to death.
We encountered 2 rare cases, with age of 25 and 27 years respectively with choriocarcinoma with unusual clinical presentation. Both patients presented with neurological symptoms of brain metastasis and succumbed to death within a short span of time. In both cases histopathological report failed to detect chorio-carcinoma but b-HCG and radiological findings were suggestive of choriocarcinoma.
If b–HCG level are unusually high with radiological findings, the patients should be considered for chemotherapy even if HPE is inconclusive. Without chemotherapy chorio-carcinoma has a rapid progression and mortality which can be prevented by early suspicion and timely management.