Miscellaneous: Oral Abstract: Cohort study of vulvar cancer cases over a period of 10 years
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
To study the risk factors, management protocols and outcome of vulvar cancer cases over a period of 10 years in a tertiary care hospital.
It is a retrospective cohort study of vulvar cancer from January 2004 to January 2014 at King George Medical University, Lucknow. Hospital records of 41 patients with histologically proven diagnosis of vulvar cancer were studied from Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Department of Radiotherapy. The presence of risk factors, stage of disease, treatment modalities used and disease outcome in terms survival were studied. The data collected was analyzed and compared with the published literature.
The mean age for diagnosis of vulvar cancer was 52 years and peak incidence was seen in age group of 50-70 years. Incidence was significantly more in multiparous (p = 0.001) and postmenopausal women (p = 0.007). An average of 4.1 cases were seen per year. 97.56% cases were squamous cell carcinomas including one case of verrucous carcinoma. Only one non-squamous case of Bowen's disease was seen. 20 cases belonged to early stage (1 and 2) while 21cases had advanced disease (3 and 4). 48.78% cases were primarily treated with surgery, 26.83% with radiotherapy, 7.3% with chemotherapy and 17.07% with combined chemoradiation. 78% of surgically treated cases had mean survival of 5 years. Mean survival of 1 year was recorded in advanced disease cases. Limitation of the study was poor follow up after treatment.
Incidence of vulvar cancer is significantly high in multiparous and postmenopausal women. Surgical treatment is the best option in early stage of disease (stage I and II) and gives high survival rates while advanced disease treated with chemoradiation has poor survival.