Endometrium: Poster Abstract: Gestational choriocarcinoma after term pregnancy: A case report
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
Choriocarcinoma coexisting with or after a “normal” pregnancy has an incidence of one per 1,60,000 pregnancies. In case of choriocarcinoma after term pregnancy, early diagnosis by histopathological examination of the placenta is very important, the precocity of the diagnosis influencing the prognosis and tumor response to chemotherapy. In, this paper we report the case of a 28-year-old woman parity 2 with metastatic choriocarcinoma after term pregnancy, diagnosed at four months after the delivery of a healthy baby. An episode of abundant vaginal bleeding occurred after four months from delivery. The local examination revealed a vaginal tumor whose pathological examination on biopsy sample was inconclusive. Subsequently, she was admitted in our hospital with abundant vaginal bleeding, severe anemia and fever. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed an intracavitary uterine tumoral mass with signe of myometrial invasion to the uterine serosa, strong Doppler signal and moderate ascites. Pulmonary X-Ray and computed tomography scan excluded extrapelvic tumoral masses. The pretreatment human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) level was 310300 Miu/ml and her FIGO risk factor score was 8 (high–risk group). Total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and omentectomy was performed as an optimal cytoreduction. Postoperative remaining presented by the metastasis located in the lower two-thirds of vagina. Histopatholgical examination revealed uterine choriocarcinoma. Postoperative was initiated four courses of polychemotherapy. Case evaluation was favorable, with the normalization of the Beta-HCG value in two months postoperative and complete remission of vaginal metastasis in six weeks posteoperative.