Cervix: Oral Abstract: Role of complementary cytology, colposcopy and histopathology in detecting premalignant and malignant lesions of cervix
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
Cervical cancer is the second most common gynecologic malignancy worldwide. India alone accounts for one fifth of total number of cases worldwide. The aim of our study was to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, false positive rate and false negative rate of complementary cytology and colposcopy with histopathology as gold standard for detection of premalignant and malignant cervical lesions.
A cross sectional study was conducted at Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung hospital, Delhi, India. 100 non pregnant females with complaint of post coital or irregular vaginal bleeding and those who had unhealthy cervix on visual inspection were included in study.
Colposcopy exhibited a high degree of accuracy in diagnosis of high grade lesions. Overall sensitivity of cytology was 50% whereas that of colposcopy was 83.3%. Cytology had specificity of 93.4% whereas colposcopy had specificity of 89.4%. 100% of high grade and invasive cancers on colposcopy were associated with similar findings on histology. The degree of agreement between cytology and colposcopy with histology was significant (p<0.001).
Colposcopy is sensitive method as compared to cytology, especially in the higher grade lesions and combination of both methods appears to be of higher diagnostic importance.