Cervix: Oral Abstract: Association of TNF-α rs-281865419 polymorphism with reproductive tract infections in Indian population
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
To investigate the presence of reproductive tract infections (RTIs) in symptomatic and asymptomatic women in North India and association of SNPs in TNFα gene (rs-281865419 C/T) with susceptibility to these RTIs.
We collected 100 symptomatic (cases) and 100 asymptomatic women (controls) samples and screened them for RTIs. Then genotyping of TNF-α gene was performed by PCR-RFLP.
Among cases the frequencies of RTIs infection is higher than control. The prevalence of HPV, C. trachomatis, T. vaginalis, Bacterial vaginosis and N. gonorrhoeae are 28% & 6%; 11%, 32% respectively while in controls it was 5%, 2%, 1% and 8% & 1%. In the present study we found that the frequency of wild homozygous genotype (TT) was lower in cases 30% (6/20) as compared to controls 60% (12/20). The frequency of the heterozygous polymorphic genotype (CT) was higher in cases 65% (65/100) as compared to controls 32% (32/100). It was interesting to note that the frequency of the polymorphic homozygous genotype (CC) was higher in cases 15% (15/100) than controls 2% (2/100). While the frequency of the carrier genotype (CT + TT) was found to be more in cases 70% (70/100) than in controls 40/100 (40%). This study shows that T allele may be risk factor for Reproductive tract infections as its percentage is higher in cases as compare to normal controls.
TNF-α rs-281865419 locus may serve as an important biomarker for RTIs predisposition in Indian population though larger sample size is needed to validate the findings.