Ovary: Oral Abstract: Two interesting cases of granulosa cell tumor: A case report
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
Granulosa cell tumor (GCT) is an ovarian malignancy that arise from granulosa cells of the ovary. This tumour is a type of the sex cord-gonadal stromal tumour. GCT have good prognosis in comparison with other epithelial tumors.
Two cases of granulosa cell tumors were diagnosed in sir Ganga ram hospital, Rajender Nagar, New Delhi in December 2015 and January 2016. The patient's age, clinical manifestations, radiological and histopathological findings were evaluated. One was in perimenopausal age group and other case was in postmenopausal age group. The clinical manifestations were menorrhagia and abdominal pain. Ultrasonographically, in one case focal hypoechoic zone showing peripheral hypervascularity with possibility of old hemorrhage follicular cyst was seen and in other case of granulosa cell tumors was both solid and cystic areas were seen. Histologically, variety of patterns like diffuse, trabecular, nodular, sheets, nests and fascicular patterns with nuclear grooving in ovarian tissue. In addition endometrial findings were suggestive of simple hyperplasia without atypia. Treatment modalility used was surgery i.e. Total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy in both cases.
Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary is a rare ovarian malignancy. Endometrial pathology to rule out endometrial carcinoma specially when postmenopausal bleeding is concomitant finding is advised. Radical surgery is usually not required.