Ovary: Oral Abstract: Study of efficacy and safety of adjuvant intraperitoneal chemotherapy in carcinoma ovary
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
The benefit of administering chemotherapy directly into the peritoneal cavity is supported by preclinical, clinical and pharmacokinetic data. In view of paucity of data from the Indian subcontinent, we decided to study the response and tolerability of intraperitoneal (I/P) chemotherapy in carcinoma ovary in Indian population.
In this observational study, from March 2013 to June 2015, the efficacy and tolerability of adjuvant I/P chemotherapy in optimally cytoreduced stage III epithelial ovarian cancer patients were assessed. Treatment consisted of 135 mg/m2 of i.v. paclitaxel over a 3-hours period on day 1 followed by AUC 5 carboplatin i.v. on day 2 and 60 mg/m2 of i.p. paclitaxel on day 8 every 3 weekly for six cycles.
Total 50 patients were enrolled. The median age of patients was 53 yrs (32 yrs – 67 yrs). Out of a total of 240 I/P cycles, 225 cycles (93%) were completed. 30 patients (75%) received all the 6 cycles by IP route, 6 patients completed 5, 3 patients completed 4 cycles and 1 completed 3 I/P cycles. 4 Out of 30 patients who completed all 6 cycles of I/P chemotherapy, had one or more adjustment including delay while in 3 patients (7.5%) dose had to be reduced. after median follow up of 14 months, 8 patients (12.5%) had local or systemic recurrence, 2 patients (5%) had progression during treatment and died due to disease. median progression free survival not reached yet. One patients had vaginal leak. Catheter block was seen in five cases. Two cases had needle displacement and extravasations of drug around the port chamber. 6 patients had severe abdominal pain and cramp (grade 3) after infusion of saline. Hematologic toxicity was evaluated in all patients and in all cycles. Grade 3 or 4 Leucopenia was experienced by 25 patients (50%) but Febrile Neutropenia occurred in only 5 (10%) patients. Grade 3 or 4 anemia occurred in 17 (42.5%) and grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia was experienced by 6 patients (15%). Renal complication present in 3 patients (7.5%) and transient transfusion reaction developed in 5 patients. mucositis present in 21 patients.
Adjuvant I/P chemotherapy in optimally cytoreduced epithelial ovarian cancer is active and well tolerated in Indian patients.