Cervix: Oral Abstract: Image guided interstitial brachytherapy for locally advanced disease after external beam radiotherapy in a case of carcinoma cervix – our institutional experience
This article was originally published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow and was migrated to Scientific Scholar after the change of Publisher.
Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer in women worldwide. Definitive chemoradiation is the accepted standard of care for patients especially for locally advanced cervical cancers. Intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT) is an important part of definitive radiotherapy shown to improve overall survival. Interstitial brachytherapy (ISBT) is generally reserved for patients either with extensive pelvic and/or vaginal residual disease after external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) or with anatomy not allowing ICBT with standard applicators in an attempt to improve local control. We have conducted an observational study for patients who underwent image guided HDR-ISBT at our institute.
Materials and Methods:
Seven patients; diagnosed as a case of carcinoma cervix; were selected from the period of 2012 to 2015 who received EBRT by IMRT and for whom ICBT couldn't be done for various reasons. These patients were then taken up for Martinez Universal Perineal Interstitial Template (MUPIT) image based ISBT. A descriptive analysis was done for doses received by HRCTV, bladder, rectum and sigmoid colon. At the end of treatment, early response at 3 months along with overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) was also calculated.
All the patients recruited were locally advanced with 3 patients in IIB, 1 patient in IIIA and 3 patients belonging to IIIB. The mean dose received by 95% high risk CTV (HRCTV) by IMRT was 49.75 Gy. Out of 7 patients, 3 were taken up for ISBT due to anatomical restriction whereas remaining 4 patients were included because of lack of dose coverage by ICBT. The mean doses received by 90% of HRCTV, 2 cc bladder, 2 cc rectum and 2 cc sigmoid colon were 20.58 Gy, 2.73 Gy, 3.19 Gy and 2.82 Gy respectively. The early response at 3 months was 57.14%. The DFS at one year and OS at 3 year were 53.6% and 53.3% respectively.
Our descriptive analysis of seven patients being treated by image based ISBT have revealed that locally advanced cervical cancer patients for whom ICBT is unsuitable can achieve equitable LRC and OS with a combination of EBRT by IMRT and image based HDR-ISBT.